What's New

Version 2.1.0

Released Mar 6, 2024

Main new feature is adding support for using output of strobealign-aemb.

Use of the SemiBin command (instead of SemiBin2) will continue to work, but print a warning and set a delay to ask users to upgrade.

User-visible changes

  • Support running SemiBin with strobealign-aemb (--abundance/-a)
  • Add citation subcommand
  • Introduce separate SemiBin1 command as use of SemiBin is now deprecated and will trigger a warning

Internal improvements

  • Code simplification and refactor
  • deprecation: Deprecate --orf-finder=fraggenescan option
  • Update abundance normalization


  • SemiBin: do not use more processes than can be taken advantage of #155

Version 2.0.2

Released Oct 31, 2023

Bugfix release

Fixes issue with multi_easy_bin --write-pre-reclustering-bins #128 on GH

Version 2.0.1

Released Oct 21, 2023

This is a bugfix release for version 2.0.0.

Version 2.0.0

Released Oct 20, 2023

User-visible changes

  • Running SemiBin now writes a log file in the output directory
  • The concatenate_fasta subcommand now supports compression
  • Adds bin_short subcommand as alias for bin (by analogy with bin_long)

Version 1.5.1 (SemiBin2 beta)

Released Mar 7, 2023


  • Fix use of --no-recluster with multi_easy_bin (#128).

Version 1.5.0 (SemiBin2 beta)

Released Jan 17, 2023

Big change is the addition of a SemiBin2 script, which is still experimental, but should be a slightly nicer interface. See [upgrading to SemiBin2]

User-visible improvements

  • Added a new option for ORF finding, called fast-naive which is an internal very fast implementation.
  • Added the possibility of bypassing ORF finding altogether by providing prodigal outputs directly (or any other gene prediction in the right format)
  • Command line argument checking is more exhaustive instead of exiting at first error
  • Added --quiet flag to reduce the amount of output printed
  • Better --help (group required arguments separately)
  • Add --output-compression option to compress outputs
  • Add --tag-output option which allows for control of the output filenames (and also makes the anvi'o compatible — see discussion at #123.
  • Add contig->bin mapping table (#123)
  • SemiBin.main.main1 and SemiBin.main.main2 can now be called as a function with command line arguments (main1 corresponds to SemiBin1 and main2 corresponds to SemiBin2)
import SemiBin.main


SemiBin.main.main2(['single_easy_bin', '--input-fasta', ...])

Version 1.4.0: long reads binning!

Released December 15, 2022

Big change is the added binning algorithm for assemblies from long-read datasets.

The overall structure of the pipeline is still similar to what was manuscript, but when clustering, it does not use infomap, but another procedure (an iterative version of DBSCAN).

Use the flag --sequencing-type=long_read to enable an alternative clustering that works better with long reads.

Other user-visible improvements

  • Better error checking at multiple steps in the pipeline so that processes that will crash are caught as early as possible
  • Add --allow-missing-mmseqs2 flag to check_install subcommand (eventually, self-supervision will be the default and mmseqs2 will be an optional dependency)

Command line parameter deprecations

The previous arguments should continue to work, but going forward, the newer arguments are probably a better API.

  • Selecting self-supervised learning is now done with the --self-supervised flag (instead of --training-type=self)
  • Training from multiple samples is now enabled with the --train-from-many flag (instead of --mode=several)


  • The output table sometimes had the wrong path in v1.3. This has been fixed
  • Prodigal is now run in a more robust manner when using multiple threads (#106)

Version 1.3.1

Release December 9, 2022


  • Made --training-type argument optional (defaults to semi to keep backwards compatibility)

Version 1.3.0

Released November 4 2022

User visible improvements


  • Fix output table to contain correct paths
  • Fix mispelling in argument name --epochs (the old variation, --epoches is still accepted for backwards compatibility, but should be considered deprecated)

Version 1.2.0

Released October 19 2022

User visible improvements

  • Pretrained model from chicken caecum (contributed by Florian Plaza Oñate)
  • Output table with basic information on bins (including N50 & L50)
  • When reclustering is used (default), output the unreclusted bins into a directory called output_prerecluster_bins
  • Added --verbose flag and silenced some of the output when it is not used
  • Use coloredlogs (if package is available)

Version 1.1.1

Released September 27 2022


  • Completely remove use of atomicwrites package (#97)

Version 1.1.0

Released September 21 2022

User-visible improvements

  • Support .cram format input (#104)
  • Support using depth file from Metabat2 (#103)
  • More flexible specification of prebuilt models (case insensitive, normalize - and _)
  • Better output message when no bins are produced


  • Fix bug using atomicwrite on certain network filesystems (#97)

Internal improvements

  • Remove torch version restriction (and test on Python 3.10)

Version 1.0.3

Released August 3 2022


  • Fix coverage parsing when value is not an integer (#103)
  • Fix multi_easy_bin with taxonomy file given on the command line (see discussion at #102)

Version 1.0.2

Released July 8 2022


Version 1.0.1

Released May 9 2022


  • Fix edge case when calling prodigal with more threads than contigs (#93)

Version 1.0.0

Released April 29 2022

This coincides with the publication of the manuscript.

User-visible improvements

  • More balanced file split when calling prodigal in parallel should take better advantage of multiple threads
  • Fix bug when long stretches of Ns are present (#87]
  • Better error messages (#90 & #91])


  • Fix bugs in training from multiple samples
  • Fix bug in incorporating CAT results

Version 0.7

Released March 2 2022

This release solves issues running on Mac OS X.

User-visible improvements

  • Improved check_install command: it now prints out paths and correctly handles optionality of FragGeneScan/prodigal
  • Add concatenate_fasta command to combine fasta files for multi-sample binning
  • Add option --tmpdir to set temporary directory
  • Substitute FragGeneScan with Prodigal (FragGeneScan can still be used with --orf-finder parameter). FragGeneScan caused issues, especially on Mac OSX

Internal improvements

  • Reuse markers.hmmout file to make the training from several samples faster

Version 0.6

Released February 7 2022

User-visible improvements

  • Provide pretrained models from soil, cat gut, human oral,pig gut, mouse gut, built environment, wastewater and global (training from all samples).
  • Users can now pass in the output of running mmseqs2 directly and SemiBin will use that instead of calling mmseqs itself (use option --taxonomy-annotation-table).
  • The subcommand to generate cannot links is now called generate_cannot_links. The old name (predict_taxonomy) is kept as a deprecated alias.
  • Similarly, sequence features (k-mer and abundance) are generated using the commands generate_sequence_features_single and generate_sequence_features_multi (for single- and multi-sample modes, respectively). The old names (generate_data_single/generate_data_multi) are kept as deprecated aliases.
  • Add check_install command and run check_install before easy command


  • Fix bug with non-standard characters in sample names (#68).

Version 0.5

Released January 7 2022

User-visible improvements

  • Reclustering is now the default (use --no-recluster to disable it; the option --recluster is deprecated and ignored) as the computational costs are much lower
  • GTDB lazy downloading is now performed even if a non-standard directory is used
  • The CACHEDIR.TAG protocol was implemented (this is supported by several tools that perform tasks such as backups).


  • Fix bug with --min-len (minimal length). Previously, only contigs greater than the given minimal length were used (instead of greater-equal to the minimal length).
  • GTDB downloading was inconsistent in a few instances which have been fixed

Internal improvements

  • Much more efficient code (including lower memory usage) for binning, especially if a pretrained model is used. As an example, using a deeply-sequenced ocean sample, generating the data (generate_data_single step) goes down from 14 to 9 minutes; while binning (bin step, using --recluster) goes down from 10m17s (using 20GB of RAM, at peak) to 4m33 (using 4.5 GB, at peak). Thus total time from BAM file to bins went down from 25 to 14 minutes (using 4 threads) and peak RAM is now 4.5GB, making it usable on a typical laptop.

Version 0.4.0

Released 27 October 2021

User-visible improvements

  • Add support for .xz FASTA files as input

Internal improvements

  • Removed BioPython dependency

Bug fixes

  • Fix bug when uncompressing FASTA files (#42)
  • Fix bug when splitting data

Version 0.3

Released 10 August 2021

User-visible improvements

  • Support training from several samples
  • Remove output_bin_path if output_bin_path exists
  • Make several internal parameters configuable: (1) minimum length of contigs to bin (--min-len parameter); (2) minimum length of contigs to break up in order to generate must-link constraints (--ml-threshold parameter); (3) the ratio of the number of base pairs of contigs between 1000-2500 bp smaller than this value, the minimal length will be set as 1000bp, otherwise 2500bp (--ratio parameter).
  • Add -p argument for predict_taxonomy mode

Internal improvements

  • Better code overall
  • Fix np.concatenate warning
  • Remove redundant matrix when clustering
  • Better pretrained models
  • Faster calculating dapth using Numpy
  • Use correct number of threads in kneighbors_graph()


  • Respect number of threads (-p argument) when training (issue 34)

Version 0.2

Release 27 May 2021

User-visible improvements

  • Change name to SemiBin
  • Add support for training with several samples
  • Test with Python 3.9
  • Download mmseqs database with --remove-tmp-file 1
  • Better output names
  • Fix bugs when paths have spaces
  • Fix installation issues by listing all the dependencies
  • Add download_GTDB command
  • Add --recluster option
  • Add --environment option
  • Add --mode option

Internal improvements

  • All around more robust code by including more error checking & testing
  • Better built-in models

Version 0.1.1

Released 21 March 2021

Bugfix release fixing an issue with minfasta-kbs

Version 0.1

Released 21 March 2021

  • First release: testing version